5-Axis CNC Milling and its Benefits to the Design Sector

by Anne Zavala
Prototyping Services

5-axis machining refers to the use of CNC to move machine parts or tools on five axes concurrently. It presents endless possibilities for the shapes and parts sizes you can produce. In this blog post, we highlight the basics of 5-axis CNC milling and 5 axis CNC mill.

Ordinarily, basic machining functions on three axes(X, Y, and Z), but in 5-axis machining, the tool can rotate in two extra axes (A&B). In simple terms, you can process five sides of a part using one machine.

The multidirectional approach makes machining of very complex parts possible. So, what are the benefits of this technology to the design sector?

Reduces Processing Time

5-axis machines eliminate the need for multiple setups in the production line, thus reducing processing time. It also eliminates the need for constant supervision, thus increasing efficiency. This helps to save costs and time; besides, it helps to accelerate your products to the market.

5-axis machining uses the cutter to maintain a vertical condition of the complicated mold processing surface, reducing the processing time.

The 5-axis principle is also applicable side milling when working with angled surfaces resulting in better surface quality. It helps to minimize the amount of manual work required to perfect and mold the surface.

Easy to Work on Complex Shapes & Angles

Complex designs are challenging to work on. Fortunately, this becomes easier with the application of 5-axis technology. This technology has helped to increase job opportunities in the design sector.

Since 5-axis machines are compatible with CAD/CAM, it’s possible to work on the very complicated shapes and angles. It’s the savior for those working for complex 4D and 5D parts. 

Working on such parts may never be possible with the primary 2 and 3 axis machines—5-axis machining results in better work-piece quality and productivity.

Better Surface Finish

When rotating fourth and fifth axes, the part is closer to the cutting tool. This means you can use a shorter cutting tool. Such a tool experiences less vibration at high cutting speeds, which results in better surface finish.

The 5-axis machines help to save time since, in the case of 3-axis machines, you have to make small cuts to attain an excellent surface finish. The process is slower, translating to longer processing time.

High Production Efficiency

Modern 5-axis machines feature high-speed machining; this reduces the auxiliary time of the parts and machining time. These machines have a considerable range of feed rate and spindle speed conferring powerful cutting capacity to them.

The rapid movements, high-speed cutting, and positioning of these machines reduce the turnaround time for making products. It also improves precision and production efficiency; the increased efficiency also means lower labor costs. The machining process requires little or no supervision.

Final Words

Compared to the 2 and 3 axis machining, 5-axis machining is the most accurate, efficient, and improved technology. Its use translates to exceptional work-piece quality and durability. Using this technology means less wastage, shorter working periods, and lower tooling costs. It also presents broader design flexibility and precision. No matter the masterpiece, whether titanium, marble, etc., 5-axis machining will offer the best results in the shortest time possible.

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